KAZA Hwange-Kazuma-Chobe WDA Simulator
The KAZA HKC WDA simulator allows exploring different types of scenarios supporting the design and implementation of policies addressing human-wildlife coexistence in this landscape.
Oliveira I., Batinge B., Herrera H., Saleh M.M., Saysel A., Videira N., Blanc J., Davidsen, P. (2021).
Integrated Model for Human-Wildlife Coexistence in the Hwange Kazuma Chobe Landscape
Version 12.2. [31 March 2021].
United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
KAZA Wildlife ABM Simulator
An agent-based model was built to simulate, in spatially and temporally explicit terms, the behavior and population dynamics of selected wildlife and livestock species within the constraints imposed by their respective life history parameters and food matrices. The ABM simulates a prey-predator model with 20 herbivore species and 6 predator species in addition to incorporating the following grids and their corresponding dynamics.
A land cover grid which indicates the land cover type for each cell. Land cover types are (1) crops, (2) ecotone, (3) woodland, (4) shrubland, (5) grassland, (6) water/flooded vegetation and (7) urban/bare land. An animal-use grid indicates the use for each cell as follows: (0) No legal hunting / Yes livestock , (1) No legal hunting / No livestock (1), (2) Yes legal hunting / No livestock, and (3) Yes legal hunting / Yes livestock. A human density which indicates the human density per each cell of the grid. A vegetation biomass grid which indicates the available vegetation biomass at each cell of the grid. A water distance matrix where each cell holds the distance to its nearest water site. Multiple files may be used to reflect the changes in water sites across the year. The model simulates any arbitrary number of animal groups and displays relevant statistics.
The ABM wildlife simulator will be available here soon.